An overview of all configuration options in the Nette Framework.
Services and parameters
The configuration file is a place where we add definitions of our own services in section
services. See the DI: Services Configuration chapter for a detailed description.
For example, this is the definition of service named
database which is
services: database: PDO('mysql:host=127.0.0.1;dbname=test', root, password)
By filling in
users option you create
SimpleAuthenticator, by defining
resources you create
Nette\Security\Permission authorizator. More in User Authorization and Privileges.
security: debugger: true # debugger bar panel users: johndoe: secretpassword roles: guest: member: admin: [member] # admin extends member resources: file:
errorPresenter specifies the presenter which is invoked when an error occurs. We can find an example in the sandbox.
catchExceptions decides if the error presenter will be invoked. By changing this value to
true in the debug mode we can test the functionality of the error presenter.
application: debugger: true # shows panel in Tracy bar errorPresenter: ... # default: Nette:Error catchExceptions: ... # default: enabled in production mode silentLinks: ... # default: false
silentLinks specifies Nette behavior in the debug mode when a link generation fails. With
false value, Nette will trigger
E_USER_WARNING. Changing this configuration option to
will suppress this error. In a production environment, E_USER_WARNING will be always triggered. We can also adjust this behavior
using class property Presenter::$invalidLinkMode.
*: *Module\*Presenter (in the Sandbox change to
This parameter contains an array with rules for converting presenter name to the class name. In the key, we define a module
* as a fallback for other modules. The value contains the rule mask:
application: mapping: Admin: App\Admin\*Module\*Presenter *: App\*Module\Presenters\*Presenter
Front:Blog:Article is contained inside the Front module. Since this module has no explicit mapping,
the mapping with an asterisk will be used and the class will be called
App\FrontModule\BlogModule\Presenters\ArticlePresenter. The presenter
Admin:User:Edit is part of the
Admin module which has separate mapping so the name of the presenter class will be
App\Admin\UserModule\EditPresenter (note that since the
Admin is already in the mapping definition, it
will be stripped from the resulting class name).
Automatic registration of presenters
Nette automatically registers presenters as services. This step improves presenter creation speed. There are few configuration options that adjust where and how Nette looks for them.
scanComposer specifies if Nette should look for presenters in the Composer classmap. The
scanFilter specifies the string which must be included in the file and class name.
scanDir contains an array with directories where Nette looks for the presenters. If we specify another value
in the configuration, it will be merged with the default one
application: scanComposer: false # default: true scanFilter: Page # default: Presenter scanDirs: - foo
In this case,
scanDirs will contain values
foo. If we want to disable or
overwrite this configuration option, we need to use exclamation:
application: scanDirs!: - foo
scanDirs will contain only
Mandatory item is only
database: dsn: "sqlite2:%appDir%/models/demo.db"
The Framework creates not only the
Nette\Database\Connection object but also sets the auxiliary objects as a
reflection & cache and adds a panel to the Tracy bar in the developer mode.
Other settings are as follows:
database: dsn: 'mysql:host=127.0.0.1;dbname=test' user: root password: password options: PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_COMPRESS: true lazy: true # establish a connection when it is needed for the first time driverClass: .... # class database driver debugger: true # show panel in Tracy bar explain: true # show query explains in Tracy bar autowired: true # enabled for first defined connection conventions: discovered # or 'static' or class name, the default is 'discovered'
options option, you can specify additional values found in the PDO drivers documentation.
In the configuration file, we can define more than one database connection:
database: main: dsn: 'mysql:host=127.0.0.1;dbname=test' user: root password: password anotherDb: dsn: 'sqlite::memory:'
Each connection defined in this way creates two services – the
Nette\Database\Connection object named as
database.[NAME].connection (in our case,
database.anotherDb.connection) and the
Nette\Database\Context object named as
database.[NAME].context that is used when working with the Database
First connection services are passed through autowiring, however, we can turn it off by
autowired: false, and turn
on for another connection via
Other non-autowired connections can be passed explicitly in the configuration:
services: - UserManager(@database.anotherDb.connection) # or @database.anotherDb.context
di: debugger: false # disables DI panel
You can change default validation error messages.
forms: messages: EQUAL: 'Please enter %s.' NOT_EQUAL: 'This value should not be %s.' FILLED: 'This field is required.' BLANK: 'This field should be blank.' MIN_LENGTH: 'Please enter at least %d characters.' MAX_LENGTH: 'Please enter no more than %d characters.' LENGTH: 'Please enter a value between %d and %d characters long.' EMAIL: 'Please enter a valid email address.' URL: 'Please enter a valid URL.' INTEGER: 'Please enter a valid integer.' FLOAT: 'Please enter a valid number.' MIN: 'Please enter a value greater than or equal to %d.' MAX: 'Please enter a value less than or equal to %d.' RANGE: 'Please enter a value between %d and %d.' MAX_FILE_SIZE: 'The size of the uploaded file can be up to %d bytes.' MAX_POST_SIZE: 'The uploaded data exceeds the limit of %d bytes.' MIME_TYPE: 'The uploaded file is not in the expected format.' IMAGE: 'The uploaded file must be image in format JPEG, GIF or PNG.' Nette\Forms\Controls\SelectBox::VALID: 'Please select a valid option.' Nette\Forms\Controls\UploadControl::VALID: 'An error occurred during file upload.' Nette\Forms\Controls\CsrfProtection::PROTECTION: 'Your session has expired. Please return to the home page and try again.'
http: frames: ... # header X-Frame-Options headers: X-Powered-By: MyCMS # sends custom HTTP header csp: # Content Security Policy script-src: [ nonce # for browsers that support CSP2 self, unsafe-inline # for browsers that support CSP1 ] cspReportOnly: # Content Security Policy Report Only (since nette/http 2.4.10) default-src: self report-uri: 'https://my-report-uri-endpoint'
For security reasons, Nette Framework sends HTTP header
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN by default so that the page
can be embedded in iframe only from pages on the same domain. This behavior may be unwanted in certain situations (for example if
you are developing a facebook application). You can override this setting by
frames: http://allowed-host.com or
In the example, we set
Content-Security-Policy-Report-Only headers. For
more information see CSP documentation.
You can define your HTTP proxy so that HTTP request's remote address and the remote host will be correct.
http: proxy: 127.0.0.1 # IP address, range, hostname or array of these values
You can turn on and off XHTML rendering mode and register custom Latte tags. Custom tags
may be passed either as a class name or as a service reference. The default called method is
install, you may change
it by appending a double colon and a custom method name.
latte: xhtml: true # default is no macros: - App\MyLatteMacros::register # static method, classname or callable - @App\MyLatteMacrosFactory # service with install method - @App\MyLatteMacrosFactory::register # service with register method templateClass: App\MyTemplateClass # default is Nette\Bridges\ApplicationLatte\Template services: - App\MyLatteMacrosFactory
Default mailer is
SendmailMailer. By setting
smtp you activate
mail: smtp: true # use SmtpMailer instead of SendmailMailer # optional settings host: ... port: ... username: ... password: ... secure: # possible values are ssl, tls or null timeout: ...
Routes are typically defined in RouterFactory, such class can be found in a sandbox. However, we can also define them in the configuration file:
routing: routes: 'detail/<id>': Admin:Home:default '<presenter>/<action>': Front:Home:default
routing: debugger: false # turns off the panel in the Debugger bar cache: true # serializes the router into the DI container
By default, session will expire in a moment when a browser window is closed. Change the expiration time as follows:
session: expiration: 14 days
Automatic session start:
session: autoStart: true # default is 'smart'
autoStart: smart is recommended. It automatically starts the session only if it already exists.
If you're using shared hosting, it's suitable to use a custom directory for storing files with session relations:
session: savePath: "%tempDir%/sessions"
In this case,
%tempDir% will be replaced by value you set in
If you want to extend the validity of a session (or authentication) for subdomains, let's set just another cookie parameters:
session: cookieDomain: 'example.com'
If you want to show session data in Debug bar:
session: debugger: true
You can set all PHP directives (in camelCase format).
You can configure some Tracy parameters and set up panels in the Debugger bar.
tracy: # if error has occurred the notification is sent to this email email: firstname.lastname@example.org fromEmail: email@example.com # for sending emails, it uses a mailer defined in the configuration. Since Tracy version 2.5. netteMailer: true # In Development mode, you will see notice or error warnings as BlueScreen strictMode: true # displays silent (@) error messages scream: true # link format to open in the editor editor: editor: // open /? file =% file & line =% line # path to a browser that will automatically open the logged BlueScreen in CLI mode browser: ... # for which error levels (E_WARNING, E_ALL, ...) BlueScreen is logged logSeverity: # path to template with custom page for error 500 errorTemplate: ... # displays the Debugger Bar at the bottom of the page showBar: true # maximum string length of dump() maxLength: 150 # how deep will list the dump() maxDepth: 3 # displays the location where dump () was called showLocation: false editorMapping: # original: new /var/www/html: /data/web /home/web: /srv/html # appends bars to Debugger Bar bar: - Nette\Bridges\DITracy\ContainerPanel - IncludePanel - XDebugHelper('myIdeKey') - MyPanel(@MyService) # append panels to BlueScreen blueScreen: - DoctrinePanel::renderException
All these settings affect the contents of the DI container and the system services it creates. All these services can still be
changed to a low-level. For instance, we can change the class of service
application.application, which is by default
services: application.application: factory: MyApplication alteration: true
alteration flag is informative and says we only modify an existing service.
We can also add setup:
services: application.application: factory: MyApplication alteration: true setup: - $onStartup = [@resource::init]
You can also remove the service from the container:
services: cache.journal: false
Using extensions, the configuration file can be enhanced by additional sections through which we can configure additional components or modify the DI container.
extensions: dibi: Dibi\Bridges\Nette\DibiExtension22 dibi: host: localhost