RobotLoader: Class Autoloading
When working with Nette Framework, forget about including every single file using
Nette cares about your comfort and does it itself.
- get rid of all
- only necessary scripts are loaded
- requires no strict file naming conventions
- allows more classes in single file
We can load Nette Framework with a single command:
require 'Nette/loader.php' (the path may be different of
course) and all of its classes will be loaded automatically when you use them for the first time. That not only saves you a lot of
writing, but it also accelerates entire application. Why? Simply because only those files that are actually needed are loaded. No
unnecessary files get parsed by PHP.
Nette\Loaders\RobotLoader is a tool that gives you comfort of automated class loading for your entire application including third-party libraries. So we can forget about those famous code blocks:
require_once 'Zend/Pdf/Page.php'; require_once 'Zend/Pdf/Style.php'; require_once 'Zend/Pdf/Color/GrayScale.php'; require_once 'Zend/Pdf/Color/Cmyk.php'; ...
Like the Google robot crawls and indexes websites, RobotLoader crawls all PHP scripts and records what classes and interfaces were found in them. These records are then saved in cache and used during all subsequent requests. You just need to specify what directories to index and where to save the cache:
$loader = new Nette\Loaders\RobotLoader; // Add directories for RobotLoader to index $loader->addDirectory('app'); $loader->addDirectory('libs'); // And set caching to the 'temp' directory on the disc $loader->setCacheStorage(new Nette\Caching\Storages\FileStorage('temp')); $loader->register(); // Run the RobotLoader
And that's all. From now on, you don't need to use
require. Great, isn't it?
When RobotLoader encounters duplicate class name during indexing, it throws an exception and informs you about it.
Inside sandbox, where the paths to application and library files are defined in
constants, it's possible to use the following in
$configurator = new Nette\Configurator; // Enable RobotLoader - this will load all classes automatically $configurator->setTempDirectory(__DIR__ . '/../temp'); $configurator->createRobotLoader() ->addDirectory(APP_DIR) ->addDirectory(LIBS_DIR) ->register();
$loader->autoBuild determines whether RobotLoader should reindex the scripts if asked for
nonexistent class. This feature is disabled by default on production server.
Therefore, it's necessary to delete the cache when uploading a new version of your application.
If you want RobotLoader to skip some directory, create a file there called
From this point on, the Zend directory will not be indexed.
RobotLoader is extremely comfortable and addictive!